Surface of Mogilev region is primarily plain. Eastern part is occupied by Orsha-Mogilev plain, western — by Central-berezina plain. Orsha upland is situated in the north-west part, while in the north-east you can find Gorky-Mstislavl upland plain and a part of Smolensk upland where the highest point of the region (239 m above sea level) is situated. Prevailing heights are 150-200 m. while the lowest point of Mogilev region is 126 m (the river Sozh near Goyshin village of Slavgorod disctrict).
Nature of Mogilev region is various and picturesque. Forests take more than a third of the region territory, main kinds of trees are conifers (54.9%), spruce (15.1%) and birch (15.1%), alders (5.6%) and oaks (5.4%). Area of state forest fund is more than 1 mln ha. Unique flood land oak grove in the valleys of the Berezina and the Dnieper. Green forest sea in the south of the region is combined with fields and meadows in the east.
100 species of nesting birds and about 70 species of mammals. In the forests of Mogilev region ermine, raccoon dog, elk, brown bear, deer and the king of oak groves — bison.
On the territory of the region there are hydrology sanctuaries of national significance — Zaozerye and Ostrova Dulebi, 72 sanctuaries of local significance. Distant location from the cities increases the recreational value. Unique lakes of these sanctuaries are of glacial origin.
The territory of Mogilev region belongs to the basin of the river Dnieper which crosses the region from the north to the south. Its largest inflows are the Lakhva, the Druts, the Berezina (on the right) and the Sozh (on the left). The largest inflows of the Berezina river are the Svisloch, the Olsa, the Ala. The inflows of the Druts river are the Oslik, the Vabich, the Greza. The inflows of the Sozh river are the Lobjanka, the Volches, the Pronya, the Basya, the Resta, the Besed, the Surov and the Zhedunka. The river Ptich flows on the south-west of the region.
Tsetserinsk, Chigirinka and Osipovichi artificial water reservouirs are beautiful and full of fish. Some of them are used for breeding of white amur, silver carp and trout.
The climate is moderate-continental. Winter is mild and summer is warm. The average temperature in January is from — 8.2 (in the north-east) to −6.5 degrees (in the south-west). The average temperature is July is from +17.8 (in the north-east) to +18.7 (in the south-west). The amount of fall-out is 575-576 mm per year. 70% of the fall out comes in the warmest time of the year (april-october).
Mogilev region is the most eastern region of the Republic of Belarus. It borders on the Russian Federation and is situated on the inside border of the Customs Union. The length of the region from north to south is 150 km and from west to east is more than 300 km. The area of the region is 29.1 thousand sq. km. There are 21 districts and 15 cities in the region. 1.1. million people reside here.
Transport infrastructure in Mogilev region is represented by a broad net of roads, railways and airlines. The airport is located 17 km away from Mogilev and is able to provide landing and taking off aircrafts up to 196 tons and all types of helicopters 24 hours a day. River harbors «Mogilev» on the river Dnieper and «Bobruisk» on the river Berezina are used for goods transportation.
Mogilev region is an appropriate link between countries of the CIS (first of all — Russia) and EU states which foreign companies can make benefit of during deployment of their industrial, logistic and distributive business units at the territory of the country.
Area of Mogilev region is 29 000 km. The population is estimated at around 1,123 mln people. The administrative centre is Mogilev city. Mogilev region consists of 21 district
|№||Name||Area, sq.m.||Population (2016)||Administrative centre|
Mogilev region is one of the basic industrial regions of Belarus.
Industry makes 1\3 part of GRP in Mogilev region. Manufacturing accupies more than 90% in the industrial structure and kames more than 33% of the Great Regional Product. Its main branches are: food production (27.3%), rubber and plastic production (11/8%) and chemicals production (7.4%).
Largest manufacturing enterprises
|Engineering (29% from RB $1.11bln)||— JSC «Mogilevliftmash»
— Holding managing company «Bobruiskagromash»
— JSC «Bobruisk plant of tractor parts and units»
|Chemical industry (28% from RB $1.1bln)||— JSC «Belshina»
— JLLC «Jokey plastic»
— JSC «Mogilevkhimvolokno»
|Food production (22% from RB $0.85bln)||— JSC «Babushkina krynka — holding managing company»
— JCJSC «Servolux»
— JSC «Mogilev meat-packing plant»
|Consumer industry (5.4% from RB $0.21bln)||— JSC «Lenta»
— JSC «Mogotex»
— JSC «Bobruisk tanning plant»
|Wood processing (2.9% from RB $0.11bln)||— FLLC «VMG Industry»
— FLLC «Mebelain»
— JSC «Fandok»
— RUE «Newspaper plant»
Resource and raw material potential of the region
At the territory of the region there are various deposits of different mineral resources including unique for Belarus — phosphorites. The country has greatest deposits of cement raw materials (chalk, marl, clay and cement loam), large deposits of building and silicate sand, sand gravel mix, peat, sapropel and mineral water. The greatest deposits of minerals in Belarus — bergmeal — is situated in the eastern part of the region (at the territory of Khotimsk district). The mineral is characterized by high technological properties.
The land of Mogilev region is especially rich with mineral waters. Polykovichy krynitsa is known worldwide. It was opened in 1802. Nowadays it is a nature monument of republic significance. Chloride-sulphate, sodium-calcium waters of preventorium Sosny are valuable as well. In the neighbourhood of Krichev mineral water was found at a depth of 400m. It is useful for treatment of digestion system organs, radiculitis, thrombosis, venous diseases and taking therapeutic baths. Mineral sources can be found on the territory of Mogilev, Bobruisk, kolkhoz «Rassvet» of Kirovsk region.
Mogilev region has 8 higher education institutions which provide training of specialists in engineering, economics, agriculture, law, pedagogy and food industry. Also they provide training of specialists for law enforcement agencies and culture-educational establishments.
Higher education institutions:
- Belarussian state of the Orders of the October revolution and the order of the Labour Red banner agricultural academy;
- Belarussian-Russian university;
- Mogilev state university named after A. A. Kuleshov;
- Mogilev state university of food;
- Mogilev institute of the Ministry of Internal affairs;
- Mogilev branch of «Belarussian state academy of music»;
- Bobruisk branch of «Belarussian state economic university»;
- Mogilev branch of private educational establishment «Belarusian institute of law».
Scientific and innovative capacity
At the territory of Mogilev region there are 4 state universities and 1 academic institute which perform research, development and engineering on various fields of scientific research activities.
In 2014 in Mogilev region research and development were carried out by 619 people working in 17 organizations. The scope of the carried out scientific and engineering was 101 747 million belarussian roubles. Internal costs of research and development works amounted 87 025 mln bel. rub.
Internal costs on research and development works per one employee involved in scientific research made 141 mln. bel. roubles. 466 people with high education took part in scientific research including 4 doctors of science, 25 doctors of philosophy and 103 people with vocational secondary education.
The development of scientific and engineering potential of the region by all use of world and domestic achievements in science and engineering is essential for the creation of globally competitive, innovative, high-tech, socially oriented economy.